Disillusionment, Free institutions and the future of the new republic

Nepal is a nascent federal democratic republic, officially embraced by the overwhelming majority of the inclusive constitutional assembly envisioned by the interim constitution of 2007. People voted in favor of those political forces whose agenda was to establish a new political system in the country which allowed the citizen to be the head of the state. The people’s support in favor of the new political system was immaculate and so mammoth that it forced the King to leave the palace gracefully.

The new constitution envisioned the separation of power, three levels of government, and several independent institutions for a vibrant and prosperous democratic republic. In the context of the current political scenario of Nepal, the mentioned factors are the essence and the fundamentals of the current political system. Whenever the major political actors of the system deviate from fundamentals, it explicitly jeopardizes people's trust in the system. This is evident in the contemporary political scenario of Nepal. The people’s empathy towards the bygone system is gradually increasing, thanks to the failure of the existing system to deliver the desired output expected by the people. The proponent and the major actors of the current political system must understand the fact that it's not the external factors but their internal monumental mismanagement within, which is the major foe of the system. This is high time for the major political forces to reevaluate their wrongdoings and acts in such a way that it increases the people's trust in the system. 

The separation of power is the most essential component of the federal democratic republic. The judiciary, Legislative, and executive must function independently within their capacity and on a constitutional basis. The influence of the major political parties and the government in the judiciary is so evident that, except for some particular cases, people’s belief in the judiciary is insignificant. Judges get hired based on their political allegiance, The quota system exists, and the major oppositions also get a share in this distribution, which would prevent them from the potential mishaps they could receive in the imminent future. The explicit setting of the major political actors (regime and opposition ) in the judiciary is so precarious for the system that it acts as the major stimulator for removing the trust from the system, provided the people’s last hope is the judiciary. The legislative power of the individual legislator has been repeatedly compromised by the allegiance of the top leader of the major political parties. The government has repeatedly failed to give the business to the house and is relying on the ordinance to pass the bill. This is aggravating for the Westminster style of democracy. The influence of the executive body is very much seen in the legislative as well. The bottom line is to comply with the separation of power for the betterment of the existing system. 

The constitution envisions three levels of government, with individuals and shared responsibility and power to make the governance more efficient and effective. The relevance of federalism in the context of the has always been a hot topic of discussion, and society has been polarized heavily in this regard. Recently, people’s frustration with federalism has been at its peak, RSP denied giving candidacy for the provincial assembly in the last election,  and the popular mayor of Kathmandu denied voting for the provincial assembly, On a larger scale they represent the people's frustration towards the provincial systems. However, The reluctance of the central regime to accept the existence of the provincial government is the major factor responsible for the incompetency of the province and its consistent underperformance. The centralized mentality of the central regime is compromising the ability of the province to foster independence and perform better. No matter, how many false narratives get propagated in the market about the uncertain future of federalism, The champions of federalism must realize, that it's their incompetency, and hesitance to accept the province as an autonomous entity that is responsible for the anti-federalism wave that is currently blowing in the air of the country. 

After the restructuring of the country, a Final and sturdy, positive assault on the country's existing outdated and incompetent bureaucratic and institutional mechanism was necessary to rejuvenate them for the preparation of a new beginning, Robust and autonomous institutions are paramount to the betterment of the any country and systems. A country's prosperity could be hardly imagined in the absence of neutral institutions. Major institutions include The president's office, Police, CIAA, Courts, Universities, election commissions several constitutional commissions, bureaucracy, etc. The autonomy of these institutions is imperative for the checks and balances, Fairness and impartiality, Transparency, Protection of individual rights, accountability, and the stability of the overall democratic process. Instead of strengthening and giving full autonomy to these institutions which are the backbone of the democratic process, the regime, irrespective of who is in power, continues to distort the institutions and seek to further dismantle them for their political interest. These institutions, after the vigorous politicization act in favor of their political masters. The red-hot example of the misuse of the country’s institutions is also being seen in India, How Modi’s regime is using enforcement Directorate to neutralize the opposition. To protect the system, It is essential to protect the liberty of the institutions. 

In a nutshell, The political proponents of the existing system must understand the basic fact that it's not the external factors that jeopardize the system it's their recklessness and lack of adherence to the fundamentals of the constitution and the system. The leadership must understand what it means to govern. Instead of giving a polarizing speech and creating fake narratives, the regime must focus on governing in a better way. The biggest threat to the contemporary system is the major proponent and the actors of the systems. Either you learn to govern, or else the citizens will seek an alternative either within or outside the system.

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